Whereas evo is largely in the past, and some can't get past the "Were You There?" argument, in these other fields there is more direct evidence.
Continental Drift or Plate Tectonics as it is now known.
The basic idea being that the continents have moved around from past positions.
It was first seriously suggested about 100 years ago by a geographer looking at map and seeing how Americas and Africa fitted together, with both geography (mountain ranges) and geology (unique rock strata) continuing, apparently across the Atlantic Ocean.
Idea rubbished at the time because nobody could imagine an engine to move continents, and the continuous geography and geology was explained by 'land bridges' which had since sunk.
Then, in 1940's and 50's they began mapping the Atlantic for military and for telegraph cables, and found the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where lava constantly extruding and pushing the sea floor away like a conveyor belt on either side. And they found that the supposed land bridges weren't there at all.
(Then a whole lot of research involving earthquakes, fault lines, displaced geology such as Baja Peninsula etc, super accurate laser measuring of how landmasses changing position etc etc)
Conclusion that the continents constantly moving, very slowly, but covering immense distances.
For example, India ramming into Asia, bulldozing up the Himalayas in front of the collision zone, and propagating fault lines and earthquakes up into Nepal and China in northeast, and across Middle East.
Similarly, Africa ramming into Europe, pushing up the Alps, squeezing the Mediterranean and popping up bits of the seafloor in islands like Cyprus.
Explaining all sorts of anomalies such as the N America-Europe and S America-Africa connections, strange fossils such as the tropical palms and ferns found in rocks at South Pole, marine fossils in sedimentary rocks high up Mt Everest.
All of which, of course, implies enormous time periods.
(and so that gave the 'deep time' for evo to have happened)
The Indian subcontinent is pushing under the Tibetan Plateau at roughly 1.8 meters per century, but it regularly gets stuck; when the obstruction gives way, a section of the Tibetan plate lurches a few meters southward and releases the pent-up energy in an earthquake.
Earlier this year earthquakes in Nepal leveled thousands of buildings, killed upward of 8,500 people and injured hundreds of thousands more. The magnitude 7.8 and 7.3 temblors also cracked or damaged several hydropower projects, underscoring another imminent danger: dam bursts. More than 600 large dams have been built or are in some stage of construction or planning in the geologically active Himalayan Mountains, but many are probably not designed to withstand the worst earthquakes that could hit the region, according to a number of seismologists and civil engineers. Should any of the structures fail, reservoirs as large as lakes could empty onto downstream towns and cities. A collapse of Tehri Dam in the central Himalayas, which sits above a fault, would, for instance, release a wall of water about 200 meters high, slamming through two towns. In total, the flooding would affect six urban centers with a combined population of two million.
Although every nation has its own regulations, India and China are secretive about their dam designs when it comes to public scrutiny. Independent engineers rarely are allowed to evaluate the robustness of the structures, and when they are, the results can be unsettling. For example, Probe International, a Canadian environmental research organization, reports that designers for China's Three Gorges Dam used “the most optimistic interpretation possible” of seismic shaking. Similarly Tehri Dam never underwent realistic simulations, asserts Gaur, who served on its oversight committee, along with civil engineer R. N. Iyengar, formerly of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Government-affiliated scientists and engineers claim that Tehri Dam can survive an 8.5 shock, but outside experts are not so sanguine. Any of hundreds of dams could be in danger of bursting when the next big one hits. If that were to happen during monsoon season, when the dams are full, the consequences could be catastrophic.